Hello devs,

I did some more optimizations to the numba accelerated port of ‘scipy’s splev’ interpolation routine for my application needs. My input data for generating the spline coeff’s are usually equispaced and further, during the simulation, the interpolation is done at random values (based on results of some calculations). Considering both these into account I have modified the code as shown below,

```
import numpy as np
import numba
from scipy import interpolate
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import time
# Custom wrap of scipy's splrep
def custom_splrep(x, y, k=3):
"""
Custom wrap of scipy's splrep for calculating spline coefficients,
which also check if the data is equispaced.
"""
# Check if x is equispaced
x_diff = np.diff(x)
equi_spaced = all(np.round(x_diff,5) == np.round(x_diff[0],5))
dx = x_diff[0]
# Calculate knots & coefficients (cubic spline by default)
t,c,k = interpolate.splrep(x,y, k=k)
return (t,c,k,equi_spaced,dx)
# Numba accelerated implementation of scipy's splev
@numba.njit(cache=True)
def numba_splev(x, coeff):
"""
Custom implementation of scipy's splev for spline interpolation,
with additional section for faster search of knot interval, if knots are equispaced.
Spline is extrapolated from the end spans for points not in the support.
"""
t,c,k, equi_spaced, dx = coeff
t0 = t[0]
n = t.size
m = x.size
k1 = k+1
k2 = k1+1
nk1 = n - k1
l = k1
l1 = l+1
y = np.zeros(m)
h = np.zeros(20)
hh = np.zeros(19)
for i in range(m):
# fetch a new x-value arg
arg = x[i]
# search for knot interval t[l] <= arg <= t[l+1]
if(equi_spaced):
l = int((arg-t0)/dx) + k
l = min(max(l, k1), nk1)
else:
while not ((arg >= t[l-1]) or (l1 == k2)):
l1 = l
l = l-1
while not ((arg < t[l1-1]) or (l == nk1)):
l = l1
l1 = l+1
# evaluate the non-zero b-splines at arg.
h[:] = 0.0
hh[:] = 0.0
h[0] = 1.0
for j in range(k):
for ll in range(j+1):
hh[ll] = h[ll]
h[0] = 0.0
for ll in range(j+1):
li = l + ll
lj = li - j - 1
if(t[li] != t[lj]):
f = hh[ll]/(t[li]-t[lj])
h[ll] += f*(t[li]-arg)
h[ll+1] = f*(arg-t[lj])
else:
h[ll+1] = 0.0
break
sp = 0.0
ll = l - 1 - k1
for j in range(k1):
ll += 1
sp += c[ll]*h[j]
y[i] = sp
return y
######################### Testing and comparison #############################
# Generate a data set for interpolation
x, dx = np.linspace(10,100,200, retstep=True)
y = np.sin(x)
# Calculate the cubic spline spline coeff's
coeff_1 = interpolate.splrep(x,y, k=3) # scipy's splrep
coeff_2 = custom_splrep(x,y, k=3) # Custom wrap of scipy's splrep
# Generate data for interpolation and randomize
x2 = np.linspace(0,110,1000)
np.random.shuffle(x2)
# Interpolate
y2 = interpolate.splev(x2, coeff_1) # scipy's splev
y3 = numba_splev(x2, coeff_2) # Numba accelerated implementation of scipy's splev
# Plot data
plt.plot(x,y,'--', linewidth=1.0,color='green', label='data')
plt.plot(x2,y2,'o',color='blue', markersize=2.0, label='scipy splev')
plt.plot(x2,y3,'.',color='red', markersize=1.0, label='numba splev')
plt.legend()
plt.show()
print("\nTime for random interpolations")
# Calculation time evaluation for scipy splev
t1 = time.time()
for n in range(0,10000):
y2 = interpolate.splev(x2, coeff_1)
print("scipy splev", time.time() - t1)
# Calculation time evaluation for numba splev
t1 = time.time()
for n in range(0,10000):
y2 = numba_splev(x2, coeff_2)
print("numba splev",time.time() - t1)
print("\nTime for non random interpolations")
# Generate data for interpolation without randomize
x2 = np.linspace(0,110,1000)
# Calculation time evaluation for scipy splev
t1 = time.time()
for n in range(0,10000):
y2 = interpolate.splev(x2, coeff_1)
print("scipy splev", time.time() - t1)
# Calculation time evaluation for numba splev
t1 = time.time()
for n in range(0,10000):
y2 = numba_splev(x2, coeff_2)
print("numba splev",time.time() - t1)
```

With additional optimizations (to the knot interval search), these are the results of the above program in my corei7 machine,

If the interpolation is done at random values, numba version is now twice as fast,

Scipy’s splev = 0.896 s

Numba splev = 0.375 s

If the interpolation is not done at random values scipy’s version is slightly faster,

Scipy’s splev = 0.281 s

Numba splev = 0.375 s

Since my usecase involves random interpolation, the numba accelerated code works perfectly for me.

Thank you @rickhg12hs @Rutger @max9111 for your valuable suggestions. I am working on the suggestion of @max9111 for method(1) in my original question as an exercise and will post an update later.

Ref : scipy/scipy/interpolate/fitpack at v1.7.1 · scipy/scipy · GitHub , GitHub - dbstein/fast_splines: numba accelerated replacement to RectBivariateSpline, accurate to boundary edges

and

GitHub - dbstein/fast_splines: numba accelerated replacement to RectBivariateSpline, accurate to boundary edges